What are microbes and how are they spread?

Most of the microorganisms present in the environment are harmless to humans. The effects of some of them are even beneficial for us – for example, a bacterial flora in the intestines responsible for better digestion. However, it is important to know the basic information about microorganisms and the ways in which they spread in your home – especially because some simple hygiene practices can effectively help fight them.

How are the germs spreading?

Bacteria and fungi can develop in the humid and warm nooks of your home. However, it is different with viruses. Viruses – much smaller than bacteria – must invade cells in the living body to multiply. As a result of such a process, they can cause disease.


Germs can be moved around the house on your hands, especially through contact with infected people or infected surfaces. They can also be transmitted by air through dust pollen or through droplets – through small droplets of secretion, which you get rid of through the mouth and nose during coughing, sneezing or speaking.


Frequent sources of germs in the home are:

contaminated food and water

frequently touched surfaces, such as door handles, taps, TV remote controls and telephones

areas related to cleaning and waste management, eg bins, sinks and toilets

domestic waste, e.g. spoiled food products, used tissues and dirty diapers

accessories for cleaning or cleaning, eg cloths, sponges, dirty toothbrushes

domestic and other animals, e.g. rodents and flies

other people

How do germs get into the human body?

Germs can get into our body in several ways.

Some germs present in our body fluids can be transferred to other people through direct contact.

To our blood system can be hit by injections, surgical procedures and animal bites or insect bites.

Through unauthorized cuts and wounds on the skin.

By air - inhaled through the mouth and nose, they go straight to the lungs.

By eating contaminated food.

Do you know that…

Under favorable conditions, the bacterium Escherichia coli (e-coli) breaks down every 20 minutes, so in just 8 hours a single bacterium can reach about 17 million bacteria.

Pertussis (Bordetella pertussis)


Helicobacter pylori

Chlamydia trachomatis




Escherichia coli

Influenza rod (Haemophilus influenzae)

Pneumonitis (Klebsiella pneumoniae)

Legionella pnumoniae

Neutrophic Disease ( Neisseria catarrhalis)

Dwoinka gonorrhoeae (Neisseria gonorrhoeae)

Dwoinka meningitis (Neisseria meningitidis)

Streptococci pneumonia (Pneumococcus)

Mucosum streptococcus (Pneumococcus mucosum)

Streptococci viridans

Streptococcus haemolythicus

Streptococcus haemolythicus (Proteus vulgaris)

Fangs rettgeri (Proteus rettgeri)

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Salmonella D

Typhoid fistula (Salmonella typhi)

Pseudomastus Pseudomonas (Salmonella paratyphi)

Bloody baton (Serratia)

Staphylococcus albus (Staphylococcus albus)

Staphylococcus aureus (Staphylococcus aur EUS)

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